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dc.rights.licenseCC BY — Creative Commons Attribution
dc.contributor.authorEdavettal, Suzanne C.
dc.contributor.authorLee, Karen A.
dc.contributor.authorNegishi, Masahiko
dc.contributor.authorLinhardt, Robert J.
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Jian
dc.contributor.authorPedersen, Lars C.
dc.identifier.citationCrystal Structure and Mutational Analysis of Heparan Sulfate 3-O-Sulfotransferase Isoform 1, S. Thorp, K.A. Lee, M. Negishi, R.J. Linhardt, J. Liu, L.C. Pedersen, Journal of Biological Chemistry, 279, 25789-25797, 2004.
dc.descriptionJournal of Biological Chemistry, 279, 25789-25797
dc.descriptionNote : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
dc.description.abstractHeparan sulfate interacts with antithrombin, a protease inhibitor, to regulate blood coagulation. Heparan sulfate 3-O-sulfotransferase isoform 1 performs the crucial last step modification in the biosynthesis of anticoagulant heparan sulfate. This enzyme transfers the sulfuryl group (SO(3)) from 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate to the 3-OH position of a glucosamine residue to form the 3-O-sulfo glucosamine, a structural motif critical for binding of heparan sulfate to antithrombin. In this study, we report the crystal structure of 3-O-sulfotransferase isoform 1 at 2.5-A resolution in a binary complex with 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphate. This structure reveals residues critical for 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate binding and suggests residues required for the binding of heparan sulfate. In addition, site-directed mutagenesis analyses suggest that residues Arg-67, Lys-68, Arg-72, Glu-90, His-92, Asp-95, Lys-123, and Arg-276 are essential for enzymatic activity. Among these essential amino acid residues, we find that residues Arg-67, Arg-72, His-92, and Asp-95 are conserved in heparan sulfate 3-O-sulfotransferases but not in heparan N-deacetylase/N-sulfotransferase, suggesting a role for these residues in conferring substrate specificity. Results from this study provide information essential for understanding the biosynthesis of anticoagulant heparan sulfate and the general mechanism of action of heparan sulfate sulfotransferases.
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
dc.relation.ispartofThe Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection
dc.relation.ispartofRensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Biological Chemistry
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 United States*
dc.subjectChemistry and chemical biology
dc.subjectChemical and biological engineering
dc.subjectBiomedical engineering
dc.titleCrystal Structure and Mutational Analysis of Heparan Sulfate 3-O-Sulfotransferase Isoform 1en_US
dcterms.accessRightsA full text version is available in DSpace@RPI
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access
dc.rights.holderCC BY : this license allows reusers to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon the material in any medium or format, so long as attribution is given to the creator. The license allows for commercial use. Credit must be given to the authors and the original work must be properly cited.
dc.relation.departmentThe Linhardt Research Labs.
dc.relation.departmentThe Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS)

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