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Resistance of Heparinase-Derived Heparin Fragments to Biotransformation

dc.rights.licenseOpen Access
dc.rights.licenseA full text version is available in DSpace@RPI
dc.contributor.authorLarsen, A.K.
dc.contributor.authorLinhardt, Robert J.
dc.contributor.authorRice, K.G.
dc.contributor.authorWogan, G.
dc.contributor.authorLanger, R.
dc.identifier.citationResistance of Heparinase-Derived Heparin Fragments to Biotransformation, A.K. Larsen, R.J. Linhardt, K.G. Rice, G. Wogan, R. Langer, The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 264, 1570-1577. (1989).
dc.descriptionThe Journal of Biological Chemistry, 264, 1570-1577
dc.descriptionNote : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
dc.description.abstractThe biotransformation of heparinase-derived heparin fragments was examined via a combined approach using 35S-labeled heparin fragments as well as unlabeled chemically defined heparin fragments. Rats dosed with either [35S]di-, tetra-, hexa-, or octasaccharide fragments (2 mg/kg body weight, intravenously) excreted 63-69% of the injected radioactivity into the urine within 24 h with two-thirds being excreted during the first 6 h. Gel permeation chromatography of the urinary material shows that the tetra- and octasaccharides have undergone minor (approximately 5%) depolymerization whereas no change was observed for the di- and hexasaccharides. No N-desulfation was demonstrated for any of the substances. The hexa- and octasaccharide metabolites present in the urine 24 h after dosing exhibited the same antifactor Xa activity as that of the injected material. A chemically defined trisulfated disaccharide and a hexasulfated tetrasaccharide were prepared and dosed in a similar manner. Only one metabolite was recovered from animals dosed with disaccharide. This compound was characterized by anion exchange chromatography, proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectrometry, and mass spectrometry and shown to be identical to the injected disaccharide. Five metabolites were isolated from the urine of rats dosed with the hexasulfated tetrasaccharide. The major metabolite, consisting of at least 65% of the total, was characterized as described for the disaccharide and shown to be identical to the injected compound. The remaining material appeared to be disaccharides and, possibly, a tetrasaccharide conjugate. Taken together, our results show that the heparinase-derived heparin fragments are very resistant to biotransformation compared with heparin and endogenous heparin fragments. These fragments may therefore be useful in defining structure activity relationships in vivo.
dc.relation.ispartofThe Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection
dc.relation.ispartofRensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 United States*
dc.subjectChemistry and chemical biology
dc.subjectChemical and biological engineering
dc.subjectBiomedical engineering
dc.titleResistance of Heparinase-Derived Heparin Fragments to Biotransformationen_US
dc.titleResistance of Heparinase-Derived Heparin Fragments to Biotransformation
dcterms.accessRightsA full text version is available in DSpace@RPI
dc.rights.holderCC BY : this license allows reusers to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon the material in any medium or format, so long as attribution is given to the creator. The license allows for commercial use. Credit must be given to the authors and the original work must be properly cited.
dc.relation.departmentThe Linhardt Research Labs.
dc.relation.departmentThe Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS)

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