Biology; Chemistry and chemical biology; Chemical and biological engineering; Biomedical engineering
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Solution Structures of Chemoenzymatically Synthesized Heparin and its Precursors, Z. Zhang, S. A. McCallum, J. Xie, L. Nieto, F. Corzana, J. Jiménez-Barbero, M. Chen, J. Liu, R. J. Linhardt, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 130, 12998-13007, 2008.
We report the first chemoenzymatic synthesis of the stable isotope-enriched heparin from a uniformly labeled [(13)C,(15)N]N-acetylheparosan (-GlcA(1,4)GlcNAc-) prepared from E. coli K5. Glycosaminoglycan (GAG) precursors and heparin were formed from N-acetylheparosan by the following steps: chemical N-deacetylation and N-sulfonation leading to N-sulfoheparosan (-GlcA(1,4)GlcNS-); enzyme-catalyzed C5-epimerization and 2-O-sulfonation leading to undersulfated heparin (-IdoA2S(1,4)GlcNS-); enzymatic 6-O-sulfonation leading to the heparin backbone (-IdoA2S(1,4)GlcNS6S-); and selective enzymatic 3-O-sulfonation leading to the anticoagulant heparin, containing the GlcNS6S3S residue. Heteronuclear, multidimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was employed to analyze the chemical composition and solution structure of [(13)C,(15)N]N-acetylheparosan, precursors, and heparin. Isotopic enrichment was found to provide well-resolved (13)C spectra with the high sensitivity required for conformational studies of these biomolecules. Stable isotope-labeled heparin was indistinguishable from heparin derived from animal tissues and is a novel reagent for studying the interaction of heparin with proteins.;
Journal of the American Chemical Society, 130, 12998-13007; Note : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
The Linhardt Research Labs.; The Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS);
American Chemical Society (ACS)
The Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY; Journal of the American Chemical Society; https://harc.rpi.edu/;