Biology; Chemistry and chemical biology; Chemical and biological engineering; Biomedical engineering
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Compositional analysis of heparin/heparan sulfate interacting with fibroblast growth factor•fibroblast growth factor receptor complexes, F. Zhang, Z. Zhang, X. Lin, A. Beenken, A. V. Eliseenkova, M. Mohammadi, R. J. Linhardt, Biochemistry, 48, 8379–8386, 2009.
Heparan sulfate (HS) proteoglycans (PGs) interact with a number of extracellular signaling proteins, thereby playing an essential role in the regulation of many physiological processes. One major function of HS is to interact with fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and their receptors (FGFRs) and form FGF·HS·FGFR signaling complexes. Past studies primarily examined the selectivity of HS for FGF or FGFR. In this report, we used a new strategy to study the structural specificity of HS binding to 10 different FGF·FGFR complexes. Oligosaccharide libraries prepared from heparin, 6-desufated heparin, and HS were used for the interaction studies by solution competition surface plasmon resonance (SPR) and filter trapping assays. Specific oligosaccharides binding to FGF·FGFR complexes were subjected to polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) analysis and disaccharide compositional analysis using liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry. The competition SPR studies using sized oligosaccharide mixtures showed that binding of each of the tested FGFs or FGF·FGFR complexes to heparin immobilized to an SPR chip was size-dependent. The 6-desulfated heparin oligosaccharides exhibited a reduced level of inhibition of FGF and FGF·FGFR complex binding to heparin in the competition experiments. Heparin and the 6-desulfated heparin exhibited higher levels of inhibition of the FGF·FGFR complex binding to heparin than of FGF binding to heparin. In the filter trapping experiments, PAGE analysis showed different affinities between the FGF·FGFR complexes and oligosaccharides. Disaccharide analysis showed that HS disaccharides with a degree of polymerization of 10 (dp10) had high binding selectivity, while dp10 heparin and dp10 6-desulfated heparin showed reduced or no selectivity for the different FGF·FGFR complexes tested.;
Biochemistry, 48, 8379–8386; Note : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
The Linhardt Research Labs.; The Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS);
American Chemical Society (ACS)
The Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY; https://harc.rpi.edu/;