Biology; Chemistry and chemical biology; Chemical and biological engineering; Biomedical engineering
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Structural Analysis of Heparin-Derived 3-O-Sulfated Tetrasaccharides: Antithrombin Binding Site Variants, Y. Chen, L. Lin, I. Agyekum, X. Zhang, K. St.Ange, Y. Yu, J. Liu, I. J. Amster, R. J. Linhardt, Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 106, 973-981, 2017.
Heparin is a polysaccharide that is widely used as an anticoagulant drug. The mechanism for heparin's anticoagulant activity is primarily through its interaction with a serine protease inhibitor, antithrombin III (AT), that enhances its ability to inactivate blood coagulation serine proteases, including thrombin (factor IIa) and factor Xa. The AT-binding site in the heparin is one of the most well-studied carbohydrate-protein binding sites and its structure is the basis for the synthesis of the heparin pentasaccharide drug, fondaparinux. Despite our understanding of the structural requirements for the heparin pentasaccharide AT-binding site, there is a lack of data on the natural variability of these binding sites in heparins extracted from animal tissues. The present work provides a detailed study on the structural variants of the tetrasaccharide fragments of this binding site afforded following treatment of a heparin with heparin lyase II. The 5 most commonly observed tetrasaccharide fragments of the AT-binding site are fully characterized, and a method for their quantification in heparin and low-molecular-weight heparin products is described.;
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 106, 973-981; Note : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
The Linhardt Research Labs.; The Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS);
The Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY; Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences; https://harc.rpi.edu/;