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Purification and Characterization of Heparin Lyases from Flavobacterium heparinum

dc.rights.licenseCC BY — Creative Commons Attribution
dc.contributor.authorLohse, D.L.
dc.contributor.authorLinhardt, Robert J.
dc.identifier.citationPurification and Characterization of Heparin Lyases from Flavobacterium heparinum, D.L. Lohse, R.J. Linhardt, Journal of Biological Chemistry, 267, 24347-24355, (1992).
dc.descriptionJournal of Biological Chemistry, 267, 24347-24355,
dc.descriptionNote : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
dc.description.abstractHeparin lyase I has been purified from Flavobacterium heparinum and has been partially characterized (Yang, V. C., Linhardt, R. J., Berstein, H., Cooney, C. L., and Langer, R. (1985) J. Biol. Chem. 260, 1849-1857). There has been no report of the purification of the other polysaccharide lyases from this organism. Although all three of these heparin/heparan sulfate lyases are widely used, with the exception of heparin lyase I, there is no information on their purity or their physical and kinetic characteristics. The absence of pure heparin lyases and a lack of understanding of the optimal catalytic conditions and substrate specificity has stood in the way of the use of these enzymes as reagents for the specific depolymerization of heparin and heparan sulfate into oligosaccharides for structure and activity studies. This paper describes a single, reproducible scheme to simultaneously purify all three of the heparin lyases from F. heparinum to apparent homogeneity. Heparin lyase I (heparinase, EC, heparin lyase II (no EC number), and heparin lyase III (heparitinase, EC have molecular weights (by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis) and isoelectric points (by isoelectric focusing) of M(r) 42,800, pI 9.1-9.2, M(r) 84,100, pI 8.9-9.1, M(r) 70,800, pI 9.9-10.1, respectively. Their amino acid analyses and peptide maps demonstrate that while these proteins are different gene products they are closely related. The kinetic properties of the heparin lyases have been determined as well as the conditions to optimize their activity and stability. These data should improve the application of these important enzymes in the study of heparin and heparan sulfate.
dc.relation.ispartofThe Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection
dc.relation.ispartofRensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
dc.rightsAttribution 3.0 United States*
dc.subjectChemistry and chemical biology
dc.subjectChemical and biological engineering
dc.subjectBiomedical engineering
dc.titlePurification and Characterization of Heparin Lyases from Flavobacterium heparinumen_US
dc.titlePurification and Characterization of Heparin Lyases from Flavobacterium heparinum
dcterms.accessRightsOpen Access
dc.rights.holderCC BY : this license allows reusers to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon the material in any medium or format, so long as attribution is given to the creator. The license allows for commercial use. Credit must be given to the authors and the original work must be properly cited.
dc.relation.departmentThe Linhardt Research Labs.
dc.relation.departmentThe Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS)

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