Biology; Chemistry and chemical biology; Chemical and biological engineering; Biomedical engineering
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Heparosan Chain Characterization: Sequential Depolymerization of E. coli K5 Heparosan by a Bacterial Eliminase Heparin Lyase III and a Bacterial Hydrolase Heparanase Bp to Prepare Defined Oligomers,, P. Datta, L. Yan, A. Awofiranye, J. S. Dordick, R. J. Linhardt, Biotechnology Journal, 16, 2000336, 2021.
Heparosan is a non-sulfated polysaccharide and potential applications include, chemoenzymatic synthesis of heparin and heparan sulfates. Heparosan is produced using microbial cells (natural producers or engineered cells). The characterization of heparosan isolated from both natural producers and engineered-cells are critical steps towards the potential applications of heparosan. Heparosan is characterized using 1) analysis of intact chain size and polydispersity, and 2) disaccharide composition. The current paper describes a novel method for heparosan chain characterization, using heparin lyase III (Hep-3, an eliminase from Flavobacterium heparinum) and heparanase Bp (Hep-Bp, a hydrolase from Burkholderia pseudomallei). The partial digestion of E. coli K5 heparosan with purified His-tagged Hep-3 results in oligomers of defined sizes. The oligomers (degree of polymerization from 2 to 8, DP2-DP8) are completely digested with purified GST-tagged Hep-Bp and analyzed using gel permeation chromatography. Hep-Bp specifically cleaves the linkage between d-glucuronic acid (GlcA) and N-acetyl-d-glucosamine (GlcNAc) but not the linkage between 4-deoxy-α-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranosyluronic acid (deltaUA) and GlcNAc, and results in the presence of a minor resistant trisaccharide (GlcNAc-GlcA-GlcNAc). This method successfully demonstrated the substrate selectivity of Hep-BP on heparosan oligomers. This analytical tool could be applied towards heparosan chain mapping and analysis of unnatural sugar moieties in the heparosan chain.;
Biotechnology Journal, 16, 2000336; Note : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
The Linhardt Research Labs.; The Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS);
The Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY; Biotechnology Journal; https://harc.rpi.edu/;