Biology; Chemistry and chemical biology; Chemical and biological engineering; Biomedical engineering
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Extruded bioreactor perfusion culture supports the chondrogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem/stromal cells in 3D porous poly (ε-caprolactone) scaffolds, J. C. Silva, C. S. Moura, G. Borrecho, A. P. Alves de Matos, C. L. da Silva, J. M. S. Cabral, P. J. Bártolo, R. J. Linhardt, F. C. Ferreira, Biotechnology Journal, 14, 1900078, 2019.
Novel bioengineering strategies for the ex vivo fabrication of native-like tissue-engineered cartilage are crucial for the translation of these approaches to clinically manage highly prevalent and debilitating joint diseases. Bioreactors that provide different biophysical stimuli have been used in tissue engineering approaches aimed at enhancing the quality of the cartilage tissue generated. However, such systems are often highly complex, expensive, and not very versatile. In the current study, a novel, cost-effective, and customizable perfusion bioreactor totally fabricated by additive manufacturing (AM) is proposed for the study of the effect of fluid flow on the chondrogenic differentiation of human bone-marrow mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (hBMSCs) in 3D porous poly(ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL) scaffolds. hBMSCs are first seeded and grown on PCL scaffolds and hBMSC–PCL constructs are then transferred to 3D-extruded bioreactors for continuous perfusion culture under chondrogenic inductive conditions. Perfused constructs show similar cell metabolic activity and significantly higher sulfated glycosaminoglycan production (≈1.8-fold) in comparison to their non-perfused counterparts. Importantly, perfusion bioreactor culture significantly promoted the expression of chondrogenic marker genes while downregulating hypertrophy. This work highlights the potential of customizable AM platforms for the development of novel personalized repair strategies and more reliable in vitro models with a wide range of applications.;
Biotechnology Journal, 14, 1900078; Note : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
The Linhardt Research Labs.; The Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS);
The Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY; https://harc.rpi.edu/;