Biology; Chemistry and chemical biology; Chemical and biological engineering; Biomedical engineering
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Mechanism of enhanced oral absorption of Akebia saponin D by a self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system loaded with phospholipid complex, Y. Wang, J. Shen, X. Yang, Y. Jin, Z. Yang, R. Wang, F. Zhang, R.J. Linhardt, Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy, 45, 124-129, 2019.
Akebia saponin D (ASD) exhibits a variety of pharmacological activities, such as anti-osteoporosis, neuroprotection, hepatoprotection, but has poor oral bioavailability. A self-nanoemulsifying drug delivery system loaded with akebia saponin D - phospholipid complex (APC-SNEDDS) (composition: Peceol: Cremophor® EL: Transcutol HP: ASD: phospholipid; ratio: 10:45:45:51:12.3, w:w:w:w:w) was first developed to improve the oral absorption of saponins and it was found to significantly enhance ASD's oral bioavailability by 4.3 - fold (p < .01). This study was conducted to elucidate the mechanism of enhanced oral absorption of ASD by the drug delivery system of APC-SNEDDS. The aggregation morphology and particle size of ASD and APC-SNEDDS prepared in aqueous solutions were determined by transmission electron microscope and particle size analyzer, respectively. Stability of ASD and APC-SNEDDS in gastrointestinal luminal contents and mucosa homogenates were also explored. The differences of in situ intestinal permeability of ASD and APC-SNEDDS were compared. APC-SNEDDS reduced the aggregation size from 389 ± 7 nm (ASD) to 148 ± 3 nm (APC-SNEDDS). APC-SNEDDS increased the remaining drug in large intestine luminal contents from 47 ± 1% (ASD) to 83 ± 1% (APC-SNEDDS) during 4 h incubation. APC-SNEDDS provided an 11-fold increase in Ka value and an 11-fold increase in Peff value compared to ASD. In summary, APC-SNEDDS improved ASD's oral bioavailability mainly by increasing membrane permeability, destroying self-micelles and inhibiting the intestinal metabolism.;
Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy, 45, 124-129; Note : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
The Linhardt Research Labs.; The Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS);
The Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY; Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy; https://harc.rpi.edu/;