Biology; Chemistry and chemical biology; Chemical and biological engineering; Biomedical engineering
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Improved octyl glucoside synthesis using immobilized β-glucosidase on PA-M with reduced glucose surplus inhibition. F. Wang, Y. Ma, Y. Liu, X. Zhang, F. Zhang, R. J. Linhardt, Biocatalysis and Biotransformation, 35, 349–362, 2017.
A β-glucosidase extracted from bitter almond (Prunus dulcis var. amara) was immobilized on polyamine microspheres (PA-M) for catalytic octyl glucoside (OG) synthesis from glucose and octanol through reversed hydrolysis. The immobilization increased the activity of enzyme at pH 6.0–7.0, and the optimal reaction temperature for immobilized enzyme was identical to the free enzyme. The thermal stability and solvent tolerance of enzyme were increased by its immobilization. In the co-solvent system using 10% t-butyl alcohol and 10% (v/v) water, the yield of OG was increased by 1.7-fold compared to the yield from the system without co-solvent. Based on dynamic and Dixon plot analyses, the initial reaction velocity (V0) increased approximately three-fold on immobilization and the OG synthesis was inhibited by surplus glucose. The inhibition dissociation constants for free and immobilized enzyme were 219 mM and 116 mM, respectively. A fed-batch mode was applied in the OG synthesis to minimize substrate inhibition. After 336 h of reaction, the OG yield and the conversion rate of glucose reached 134 mM and 59.6%, respectively. Compared to the batch operation, the fed-bath operation increased the OG yield and the conversion rate of glucose by 340% and 381%, respectively.;
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation, 35, 349–362; Note : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
The Linhardt Research Labs.; The Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS);
The Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY; Biocatalysis and Biotransformation; https://harc.rpi.edu/;