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dc.contributor.authorZhang, Fuming
dc.contributor.authorMoniz, Heather A.
dc.contributor.authorWalcott, Benjamin
dc.contributor.authorMoremen, Kelley W.
dc.contributor.authorWang, Lianchun
dc.contributor.authorLinhardt, Robert J.
dc.identifier.citationImpact of GFP tagging on Robo1-heparin interaction, F. Zhang, B. Walcott, H. A. Moniz, K. W. Moremen, L. Wang, R. J. Linhardt, Glycoconjugate Journal, 31, 299–307, 2014.
dc.descriptionGlycoconjugate Journal, 31, 299–307
dc.descriptionNote : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
dc.description.abstractGreen fluorescent proteins (GFPs) and their derivatives are widely used as markers to visualize cells, protein localizations in in vitro and in vivo studies. The use of GFP fusion protein for visualization is generally thought to have negligible effects on cellular function. However, a number of reports suggest that the use of GFP may impact the biological activity of these proteins. Heparin is a glycosaminoglycan (GAG) that interacts with a number of proteins mediating diverse patho-physiological processes. In the heparin-based interactome studies, heparin-binding proteins are often prepared as GFP fusion proteins. In this report, we use surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectroscopy to study the impact of the GFP tagging on the binding interaction between heparin and a heparin-binding protein, the Roundabout homolog 1 (Robo1). SPR reveals that heparin binds with higher affinity to Robo1 than GFP-tagged Robo1 and through a different kinetic mechanism. A conformational change is observed in the heparin-Robo1 interaction, but not in the heparin-Robo1-GFP interaction. Furthermore the GFP-tagged Robo1 requires a shorter (hexasaccharide) than the tag-free Robo1 (octadecasaccharide). These data demonstrate that GFP tagging can reduce the binding affinity of Robo1 to heparin and hinder heparin binding-induced Robo1 conformation change.
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Institutes of Health
dc.relation.ispartofThe Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection
dc.relation.ispartofRensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
dc.relation.ispartofGlycoconjugate Journal
dc.subjectChemistry and chemical biology
dc.subjectChemical and biological engineering
dc.subjectBiomedical engineering
dc.titleImpact of GFP tagging on Robo1-heparin interaction
dc.rights.holderIn Copyright : this Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).
dc.relation.departmentThe Linhardt Research Labs.
dc.relation.departmentThe Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS)

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