Biology; Chemistry and chemical biology; Chemical and biological engineering; Biomedical engineering
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Room Temperature Ionic Liquids as Emerging Solvents for the Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass, M. Mora-Pale, L. Meli, T. V. Doherty, R. J. Linhardt, J. S. Dordick, Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 108, 1229-1245, 2011.
Room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) are emerging as attractive and green solvents for lignocellulosic biomass pretreatment. The unique solvating properties of RTILs foster the disruption of the 3D network structure of lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose, which allows high yields of fermentable sugars to be produced in subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis. In the current review, we summarize the physicochemical properties of RTILs that make them effective solvents for lignocellulose pretreatment including mechanisms of interaction between lignocellulosic biomass subcomponents and RTILs. We also highlight several recent strategies that exploit RTILs and generate high yields of fermentable sugars suitable for downstream biofuel production, and address new opportunities for use of lignocellulosic components, including lignin. Finally, we address some of the challenges that remain before large-scale use of RTILs may be achieved.;
Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 108, 1229-1245; Note : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
The Linhardt Research Labs.; The Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS);
The Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY; Biotechnology and Bioengineering; https://harc.rpi.edu/;