Biology; Chemistry and chemical biology; Chemical and biological engineering; Biomedical engineering
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Structural Characterization of Human Liver Heparan Sulfate, P. Vongchan, M. Warda, H. Toyoda, T. Toida, R. M. Marks, R. J. Linhardt, Biochemica Biophysica Acta, 1721, 1-8, 2005.
The isolation, purification and structural characterization of human liver heparan sulfate are described. 1H-NMR spectroscopy demonstrates the purity of this glycosaminoglycan (GAG) and two-dimensional 1H-NMR confirmed that it was heparan sulfate. Enzymatic depolymerization of the isolated heparan sulfate, followed by gradient polyacrylamide gel, confirmed its heparin lyase sensitivity. The concentration of resulting unsaturated disaccharides was determined using reverse phase ion-pairing (RPIP) HPLC with post column derivatization and fluorescence detection. The results of this analysis clearly demonstrate that the isolated GAG was heparan sulfate, not heparin. Human liver heparan sulfate was similar to heparin in that it has a reduced content of unsulfated disaccharide and an elevated average sulfation level. The antithrombin-mediated anti-factor Xa activity of human liver heparan sulfate, however, was much lower than porcine intestinal (pharmaceutical) heparin but was comparable to standard porcine intestinal heparan sulfate. Moreover, human liver heparan sulfate shows higher degree of sulfation than heparan sulfate isolated from porcine liver or from the human hepatoma Hep 2G cell line.;
Biochemica Biophysica Acta, 1721, 1-8; Note : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
The Linhardt Research Labs.; The Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS);
The Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY; Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects; https://harc.rpi.edu/;