Biology; Chemistry and chemical biology; Chemical and biological engineering; Biomedical engineering
In Copyright : this Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s). https://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/;
Inhibition of Apolipoprotein E- Related Neurotoxicity by Glycosaminoglycans and their Oligosaccharides, H.G. Bazin, M.A. Marques, A.P. Owens, R.J. Linhardt, K.A. Krutcher, Biochemistry, 41, 8203-8211, 2002.
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) has been genetically linked to late-onset Alzheimer's disease (AD). The role of this lipid-transport protein in AD remains to be established. One hypothesis is that apoE, particularly the apoE4 isoform, may have neurotoxic effects as demonstrated using apoE-related synthetic peptides and the N-terminal fragment of apoE. ApoE is a heparan-sulfate binding protein, and apoE peptide neurotoxicity can be blocked by heparin and prevented by degrading heparan sulfate or inhibiting its biosynthesis. The possibility that heparin inhibition of toxicity is mediated by a specific oligosaccharide sequence was investigated using a bioassay to determine the inhibition of apoE peptide toxicity by glycosaminoglycans and purified glycosaminoglycan oligosaccharides. Studies on modified heparins showed that the presence of N-sulfo groups and either 2- or 6-O sulfo groups were required for inhibition of toxicity. Heparin oligosaccharides with eight or more saccharide residues with seven O-sulfo groups and four N-sulfo groups exhibited potent inhibition. Larger oligosaccharides, and heparin and heparan sulfate polymers, afforded comparable, or somewhat better, protective effects but also caused clumping and detachment of cells when administrated alone.;
Biochemistry, 41, 8203-8211; Note : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
The Linhardt Research Labs.; The Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS);
The Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY; Biochemistry; https://harc.rpi.edu/;