Biology; Chemistry and chemical biology; Chemical and biological engineering; Biomedical engineering
In Copyright : this Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s). https://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/;
Enhancement of Paracellular Transport of Heparin Disaccharide Across Caco-2 Cell Monolayers, S. Y. Cho, J. S. Kim, H. Li, C. Shim, R. J. Linhardt, Y. S. Kim, Archives Pharmacal Research, 25, 86-92 2002.
The enhancement of paracellular transport of heparin disaccharide using several absorption enhancers across Caco-2 cell monolayers was tested. The cytotoxicity of these enhancers was also examined. The enhancing effects by Quillaja saponin, dipotassium glycyrrhizinate, 18beta-glycyrrhetinic acid, sodium caprate and taurine were determined by changes in transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) and the amount of heparin disaccharide transported across Caco-2 cell monolayers. Among the absorption enhancers, 18beta-glycyrrhetinic acid and taurine decreased TEER and increased the permeability of heparin disaccharide in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner with little or negligible cytotoxicity. Our results indicate that these absorption enhancers can widen the tight junction, which is a dominant paracellular absorption route of hydrophilic compounds. It is highly possible that these absorption enhancers can be applied as pharmaceutical excipients to improve the transport of macromolecules and hydrophilic drugs having difficulty in permeability across the intestinal epithelium.;
Archives Pharmacal Research, 25, 86-92; Note : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
The Linhardt Research Labs.; The Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS);
The Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY; Archives of Pharmacal Research; https://harc.rpi.edu/;