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dc.contributor.authorKim, Byung Taek
dc.contributor.authorKim, Wan Seok
dc.contributor.authorKim, Yeong Shik
dc.contributor.authorLinhardt, Robert J.
dc.contributor.authorKim, Dong Hyun
dc.identifier.citationPurification and Characterization of a Novel Heparinase from Bacteroides stercoris HJ-15, B.-T. Kim, W.-S. Kim, Y.S. Kim, R.J. Linhardt, D.-H. Kim, Journal of Biochemistry (Tokyo), 128, 323-328, 2000.
dc.descriptionJournal of Biochemistry (Tokyo), 128, 323-328
dc.descriptionNote : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
dc.description.abstractA novel type of heparinase (heparin lyase, no EC number) has been purified from Bacteroides stercoris HJ-15, isolated from human intestine, which produces three kinds of heparinases. The enzyme was purified to apparent homogeneity by a combination of QAE-cellulose, DEAE-cellulose, CM-Sephadex C-50, hydroxyapatite, and HiTrap SP chromatographies with a final specific activity of 19.5 mmol/min/mg. It showed optimal activity at pH 7.2 and 45 degrees C and the presence of 300 mM KCl greatly enhanced its activity. The purified enzyme activity was inhibited by Cu(2+), Pb(2+), and some agents that modify histidine and cysteine residues, and activated by reducing agents such as dithiothreitol and 2-mercaptoethanol. This purified Bacteroides heparinase is an eliminase that shows its greatest activity on bovine intestinal heparan sulfate, and to a lesser extent on porcine intestinal heparan sulfate and heparin. This enzyme does not act on acharan sulfate but de-O-sulfated acharan sulfate and N-sulfoacharan sulfate were found to be poor substrates. The substrate specificity of this enzyme is similar to that of Flavobacterial heparinase II. However, an internal amino acid sequence of the purified Bacteroides heparinase shows significant (73%) homology to Flavobacterial heparinase III and only 43% homology to Flavobacterial heparinase II. These findings suggest that the Bacteroidal heparinase is a novel enzyme degrading GAGs.
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
dc.relation.ispartofThe Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection
dc.relation.ispartofRensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Biochemistry
dc.subjectChemistry and chemical biology
dc.subjectChemical and biological engineering
dc.subjectBiomedical engineering
dc.titlePurification and Characterization of a Novel Heparinase from Bacteroides stercoris HJ-15
dc.rights.holderIn Copyright : this Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).
dc.relation.departmentThe Linhardt Research Labs.
dc.relation.departmentThe Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS)

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