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dc.contributor.authorFromm, J.R.
dc.contributor.authorHileman, R.E.
dc.contributor.authorCaldwell, E.E.O.
dc.contributor.authorWeiler, J.M.
dc.contributor.authorLinhardt, Robert J.
dc.date1995
dc.date.accessioned2022-06-27T17:13:46Z
dc.date.available2022-06-27T17:13:46Z
dc.date.issued1995
dc.identifier.citationDifferences in the Interaction of Heparin with Arginine and Lysine and the Importance of Basic Amino Acids in the Binding of Heparin to aFGF, J. R. Fromm, R. E. Hileman, E. E. O. Caldwell, J. M. Weiler, R.J. Linhardt, Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 323, 279-287, 1995.
dc.identifier.urihttps://doi.org/10.1006/abbi.1995.9963
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.13015/5943
dc.descriptionArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 323, 279-287
dc.descriptionNote : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
dc.description.abstractAlthough the interaction of proteins with glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) such as heparin are of great importance, the general structural requirements for protein- or peptide-GAG interaction have not been well characterized. Electrostatic interactions between sulfate and carboxylate groups on the GAG and basic residues in the protein or peptide dominate the interaction, but the thermodynamics of these electrostatic interactions have not been studied. Arginine residues occur frequently in the known heparin binding sites of proteins. Arginine is also more common than lysine in randomly synthesized 7-mer peptides that bind to immobilized heparin and heparan sulfate. We have used heparin affinity chromatography, equilibrium dialysis, and isothermal titration calorimetry techniques to further investigate these interactions. A 7-mer of arginine eluted from a heparin-affinity column at 0.82 M NaCl, whereas the analogous 7-mer of lysine eluted at 0.64 M. Similarly, the putative heparin binding site peptide (amino acid residues 110-130) from acidic fibroblast growth factor, which contained four lysine and two arginine residues, eluted at 0.50 M, whereas the analogous peptide with six lysine residues eluted at 0.41 M and one with six arginine residues eluted at 0.54 M. At 25 degrees C in 10 mM sodium phosphate, pH 7.4, carboxy and amino termini blocked arginine (blocked arginine) bound to heparin twice as tightly as blocked lysine as measured by equilibrium dialysis Similarly, at 30 degrees C in 10 mM sodium phosphate, pH 7.4, and in water, blocked arginine bound 2.5 times more tightly to anions in heparin than blocked lysine. Using titration calorimetry, the enthalpy of blocked arginine and lysine binding to heparin was 1.14 +/- 0.24 and 0.45 +/- 0.35 kJ/mol, respectively, under identical conditions. Our observations show that blocked arginine- and arginine-containing peptides bound more tightly to GAGs than the analogous lysine species and suggest that the difference was due to the intrinsic properties of the arginine and lysine side chains. The greater affinity of the guanidino cation for sulfate in GAGs is probably due to stronger hydrogen bonding and a more exothermic electrostatic interaction. This can be rationalized by soft acid, soft base concepts.
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dc.languageen_US
dc.language.isoENG
dc.relation.ispartofThe Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection
dc.relation.ispartofRensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
dc.relation.urihttps://harc.rpi.edu/
dc.subjectBiology
dc.subjectChemistry and chemical biology
dc.subjectChemical and biological engineering
dc.subjectBiomedical engineering
dc.titleDifferences in the Interaction of Heparin with Arginine and Lysine and the Importance of Basic Amino Acids in the Binding of Heparin to aFGF
dc.typeArticle
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dc.rights.holderIn Copyright : this Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s). https://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/
dc.creator.identifierhttps://orcid.org/0000-0003-2219-5833
dc.relation.departmentThe Linhardt Research Labs.
dc.relation.departmentThe Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS)


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