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dc.contributor.authorNewburg, D.S.
dc.contributor.authorLinhardt, Robert J.
dc.contributor.authorAmpofo, S.A.
dc.contributor.authorYolken, R.H.
dc.identifier.citationHuman Milk Glycosaminoglycans Inhibit HIV Glycoprotein GP120 Binding to Its Host Cell CD4 Receptor D.S. Newburg, R.J. Linhardt, S.A. Ampofo, R.H. Yolken, Journal of Nutrition, 125, 419-424, 1995.
dc.descriptionJournal of Nutrition, 125, 419-424
dc.descriptionNote : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
dc.description.abstractThe binding of the HIV envelope glycoprotein, gp120, to its host cell receptor, CD4, is inhibited in a solid phase assay by a glycosaminoglycan of human milk; this binding is the essential first step in HIV infectivity. The human milk glycosaminoglycans were identified in this study. Pooled, fractionated human milk contained dermatan sulfate, heparin, heparan sulfate, and chondroitin sulfate. The ability of this glycosaminoglycan fraction to inhibit binding was unaffected by digestion with lytic enzymes specific for heparin, heparan sulfate and dermatan sulfate, but was lost when the milk fraction was treated with lytic enzymes specific for chondroitin sulfate. Furthermore, a purified milk fraction with high specific inhibitory activity contained chondroitin sulfate but not other glycosaminoglycans. This indicates that the ability of human milk to inhibit gp120 binding to CD4 may be attributed to chondroitin sulfate or to a chondroitin sulfate-like moiety rather than to other components of human milk. We speculate that this human milk glycosaminoglycan could limit the rate of postnatal vertical transmission of HIV in breast-fed infants of HIV-infected mothers.
dc.relation.ispartofThe Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection
dc.relation.ispartofRensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
dc.subjectChemistry and chemical biology
dc.subjectChemical and biological engineering
dc.subjectBiomedical engineering
dc.titleHuman Milk Glycosaminoglycans Inhibit HIV Glycoprotein GP120 Binding to Its Host Cell CD4 Receptor
dc.rights.holderIn Copyright : this Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).
dc.relation.departmentThe Linhardt Research Labs.
dc.relation.departmentThe Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS)

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