Biology; Chemistry and chemical biology; Chemical and biological engineering; Biomedical engineering
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Low Molecular Weight Dermatan Sulfate as an Antithrombotic Agent: Structure Activity Relationship Studies R.J. Linhardt, U.R. Desai, J. Liu, A. Pervin, D. Hoppensteadt, J. Fareed, Biochemical Pharmacology, 47, 1241-1252 (1994).
A structure-activity relationship of low molecular weight dermatan sulfate was undertaken to understand better this new non-heparin, glycosaminoglycan-based antithrombotic agent. A dermatan sulfate prepared from bovine intestinal mucosa [average molecular weight (MWavg) 25,000], and currently in clinical trials as an antithrombotic agent, was used in this study. Dermatan sulfate was partially depolymerized using hydrogen peroxide and copper(II) as catalyst to MWavg 5600 to obtain a low molecular weight dermatan sulfate. This low molecular weight dermatan sulfate was then fractionated by gel permeation chromatography to obtain four subfractions having MWavg 7800, 5500, 4200 and 1950. The dermatan sulfate, low molecular weight dermatan sulfate and its subfractions showed substantially different optical rotations. The 1H-NMR spectroscopic analysis of dermatan sulfate samples showed some differences including increased content of GalpNAc4S6S residues and improved resolution in ring resonances for low molecular weight dermatan sulfate fractions, primarily the result of reduced molecular weight and lowered heterogeneity. Saccharide compositional analysis relied on chondroitin ABC lyase treatment followed by capillary electrophoresis. Polyacrylamide gel-based oligosaccharide mapping was also performed by treating dermatan sulfate samples with chondroitin B, AC and ABC lysases. These analyses showed increased amounts of sulfation as the MWavg decreased. In vitro bioassay showed maximum anti-Xa activity in the 4.2 kDa fraction and maximum heparin cofactor II-mediated anti-IIa activity in the 5.5 kDa fraction. The in vivo antithrombotic activity of these fractions was measured using a modified Wessler stasis thrombosis model. The 4.2 kDa fraction showed greater antithrombotic activity than the other low molecular weight dermatan sulfate fractions, dermatan sulfate, and low molecular weight dermatan sulfate. This enhanced activity may result from several structural features of the 4.2 kDa fraction including: a high content of 4,6- and 2,4-disulfated disaccharide sequences; the requirement of specific chain length; a change in the ratio of iduronic to glucuronic acid; and the presence of chondroitin ABC lyase resistant material.;
Biochemical Pharmacology, 47, 1241-1252; Note : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
The Linhardt Research Labs.; The Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS);
The Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY; Biochemical Pharmacology; https://harc.rpi.edu/;