Biology; Chemistry and chemical biology; Chemical and biological engineering; Biomedical engineering
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Effect of Heparin, Heparin Fragments, and Cortisone on Cerebral Endothelial Cell Growth In Vitro and In Vivo, D.W. Beck, J.J. Olson, R.J. Linhardt, Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology, 45, 503-512 (1986).
Heparin and heparin fragments in combination with corticosteroids have been shown to markedly inhibit tumor angiogenesis. Experiments were performed to test the hypothesis that heparin, heparin fragments, and the combination of heparin and corticosteroids affect DNA synthesis and the proliferation of cerebral microvessel endothelium (ME). In vitro, methyl-3H-thymidine incorporation in the ME cells was measured after a 24 hour pulse. Our results show that heparin, hydrocortisone, and heparin in combination with hydrocortisone had a slight inhibitory effect on DNA synthesis of ME (p less than 0.05), and hydrocortisone in combination with heparin had a slight inhibitory effect on ME cell growth (p less than 0.05). The hexa-, octa-, and deca-saccharide fragments of heparin stimulated DNA synthesis in ME (p less than 0.01). In vivo, DNA synthesis in cerebral endothelial cells at the margin of a freeze lesion to mouse cerebral cortex was assayed by quantitation of labeling indexes from methyl-3H-thymidine autoradiographs in mice treated with heparin, cortisone, or a combination of heparin and cortisone. A mean endothelial cell labeling index (LI) of 6% in the cortisone-treated animals was significantly lower than controls (32%, p less than 0.01). The addition of heparin to cortisone did not significantly alter the endothelial cell LI compared to the cortisone-treated animals, and heparin alone did not significantly alter the LI compared to the controls. These results indicate that cortisone markedly reduces the endothelial proliferation around a cortical freeze lesion in vivo. This effect is independent of heparin.;
Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology, 45, 503-512; Note : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
The Linhardt Research Labs.; The Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS);
The Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection; Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY; https://harc.rpi.edu/;