Structural Characterization of Oligochitosan Elicitor from Fusarium sambucinum and its Elicitation of Defensive Responses in Zanthoxylum bungeanum

Authors
Li, Peiqin
Linhardt, Robert J.
Cao, Zhimin
ORCID
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2219-5833
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Issue Date
2016-12-10
Keywords
Biology , Chemistry and chemical biology , Chemical and biological engineering , Biomedical engineering
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Terms of Use
Attribution 3.0 United States
CC BY : this license allows reusers to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon the material in any medium or format, so long as attribution is given to the creator. The license allows for commercial use. Credit must be given to the authors and the original work must be properly cited.
Full Citation
Structural Characterization of Oligochitosan Elicitor from Fusarium sambucinum and its Elicitation of Defensive Responses in Zanthoxylum bungeanum, P. Li, R. J. Linhardt, Z. Cao International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 17, 2076, 2016.
Abstract
Oligosaccharide elicitors from pathogens have been shown to play major roles in host plant defense responses involving plant-pathogen chemoperception and interaction. In the present study, chitosan and oligochitosan were prepared from pathogen Fusarium sambucinum, and their effects on infection of Zanthoxylum bungeanum stems were investigated. Results showed that oligochitosan inhibited the infection of the pathogen, and that the oligochitosan fraction with a degree of polymerization (DP) between 5 and 6 showed the optimal effect. Oligochitosan DP5 was purified from fraction DP5-6 and was structurally characterized using electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Oligochitosan DP5 showed significant inhibition against the infection of the pathogenic fungi on host plant stems. An investigation of the mechanism underlying this effect showed that oligochitosan DP5 increased the activities of defensive enzymes and accumulation of phenolics in host Z. bungeanum. These results suggest that oligochitosan from pathogenic fungi can mediate the infection of host plants with a pathogen by acting as an elicitor that triggers the defense system of a plant. This information will be valuable for further exploration of the interactions between the pathogen F. sambucinum and host plant Z. bungeanum.
Description
International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 17, 2076
Note : if this item contains full text it may be a preprint, author manuscript, or a Gold OA copy that permits redistribution with a license such as CC BY. The final version is available through the publisher’s platform.
Department
The Linhardt Research Labs.
The Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS)
Publisher
Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)
Relationships
The Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://harc.rpi.edu/
Access
Open Access
CC BY — Creative Commons Attribution