Heparin Oligosaccharides as Potential Therapeutic Agents in Senile Dementia

Authors
Ma, Qing
Cornelli, Umberto
Hanin, Israel
Jeske, Walter P.
Linhardt, Robert J.
Walenga, Jeanine M.
Fareed, Jawed
Lee, John M.
ORCID
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2219-5833
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Issue Date
2007-05-01
Keywords
Biology , Chemistry and chemical biology , Chemical and biological engineering , Biomedical engineering
Degree
Terms of Use
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Full Citation
Heparin Oligosaccharides as Potential Therapeutic Agents in Senile Dementia, Q. Ma, U. Cornelli, I. Hanin, J. M. Lee, W. P. Jeske, R. J. Linhardt, J. M. Walenga, J. Fareed, Current Pharmaceutical Design, 13, 1607-1616, 2007.
Abstract
Heparin is a glycosaminoglycan mixture currently used in prophylaxis and treatment of thrombosis. Heparin possesses non-anticoagulant properties, including modulation of various proteases, interactions with fibroblast growth factors, and anti-inflammatory actions. Senile dementia of Alzheimer’s type is accompanied by inflammatory responses contributing to irreversible changes in neuronal viability and brain function. Vascular factors are also involved in the pathogenesis of senile dementia. Inflammation, endogenous proteoglycans, and assembly of senile plagues and neurofibrillary tangles contribute directly and indirectly to further neuronal damage. Neuron salvage can be achieved by anti-inflammation and the competitive inhibition of proteoglycans accumulation. The complexity of the pathology of senile dementia provides numerous potential targets for therapeutic interventions designed to modulate inflammation and proteoglycan assembly. Heparin and related oligosaccharides are known to exhibit anti-inflammatory effects as well as inhibitory effects on proteoglycan assembly and may prove useful as neuroprotective agents.
Description
Current Pharmaceutical Design, 13, 1607-1616
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Department
The Linhardt Research Labs.
The Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS)
Publisher
Bentham Science
Relationships
The Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://harc.rpi.edu/
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A full text version is available in DSpace@RPI