Semantic Provenance for Science Data Products - Application to Image Data Processing

Zednik, Stephan
Fox, Peter
McGuinness, Deborah L.
Pinheiro, Paulo
Chang, Cynthia
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Semantic Provenance Capture in Data Ingest Systems (SPCDIS)
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A challenge in providing scientific data services to a broad user base is to also provide the metadata services and tools the user base needs to correctly interpret and trust the provided data. Provenance metadata is especially vital to establishing trust, giving the user information on the conditions under which the data originated and any processing that was applied to generate the data product provided. In this paper, we describe our work on a federated set of data services in the area of solar coronal physics. These data services provide a particular challenge because there is decades of existing data whose provenance we will have to reconstruct, and because the quality of the final data product is highly sensitive to data capture conditions, information which is not currently propagated with the data. We describe our use of semantic technologies for encoding provenance and domain knowledge and show how provenance and domain ontologies can be used together to satisfy complex use cases. We show our progress on provenance search and visualization tools and highlight the need for semantics in the user tools. Finally, we describe how our methods are applicable to generic data processing systems.