Dietary pectic substances enhance gut health by its poly-component: A review

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Wu, D.
Yea, X.
Linhardt, Robert J.
Liu, X.
Zhu, K.
Yu, C.
Ding, T.
Liu, D.
He, Q.
Chen, S.
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Biology , Chemistry and chemical biology , Chemical and biological engineering , Biomedical engineering
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Pectic substances, one of the cell wall polysaccharides, exist widespread in vegetables and fruits. A surge of recent research has revealed that pectic substances can inhibit gut inflammation and relieve inflammatory bowel disease symptoms. However, physiological functions of pectins are strongly structure dependent. Pectic substances are essentially heteropolysaccharides composed of homogalacturonan and rhamnogalacturonan backbones substituted by various neutral sugar sidechains. Subtle changes in the architecture of pectic substances may remarkably influence the nutritional function of gut microbiota and the host homeostasis of immune system. In this context, developing a structure–function understanding of how pectic substances have an impact on an inflammatory bowel is of primary importance for diet therapy and new drugs. Therefore, the present review has summarized the polycomponent nature of pectic substances, the activities of different pectic polymers, the effects of molecular characteristics and the underlying mechanisms of pectic substances. The immunomodulated property of pectic substances depends on not only the chemical composition but also the physical structure characteristics, such as molecular weight (Mw) and chain conformation. The potential mechanisms by which pectic substances exert their protective effects are mainly reversing the disordered gut microbiota, regulating immune cells, enhancing barrier function, and inhibiting pathogen adhesion. The manipulation of pectic substances on gut health is sophisticated, and the link between structural specificity of pectins and selective regulation needs further exploration.
Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 20, 2015–2039
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Dietary pectic substances enhance gut health by its poly-component: A review, D. Wu, X. Yea, R. J. Linhardt, X. Liu, K. Zhu, C. Yu, T. Ding, D. Liu, Q. He, S. Chen, Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 20, 2015–2039, 2021.
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