LC/MS Sequencing of Highly Sulfated Heparin-Derived Oligosaccharides

Authors
Thanawiroon, C.
Rice, K.G.
Toida, T.
Linhardt, Robert J.
ORCID
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2219-5833
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Issue Date
2004
Keywords
Biology , Chemistry and chemical biology , Chemical and biological engineering , Biomedical engineering
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Terms of Use
Attribution 3.0 United States
CC BY : this license allows reusers to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon the material in any medium or format, so long as attribution is given to the creator. The license allows for commercial use. Credit must be given to the authors and the original work must be properly cited.
Full Citation
LC/MS Sequencing of Highly Sulfated Heparin-Derived Oligosaccharides C. Thanawiroon, K. G. Rice, T. Toida, R.J. Linhardt, Journal of Biological Chemistry, 279, 2608-2615 2004.
Abstract
Liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) is applied to the analysis of complex mixtures of oligosaccharides obtained through the controlled, heparinase-catalyzed depolymerization of heparin. Reversed-phase ion-pairing chromatography, utilizing a volatile mobile phase, results in the high resolution separation of highly sulfated, heparin-derived oligosaccharides. Simultaneous detection by UV absorbance and electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) provides important structural information on the oligosaccharide components of this mixture. Highly sensitive and easily interpretable spectra were obtained through post-column addition of tributylamine in acetonitrile. High resolution mass spectrometry afforded elemental composition of many known and previously unknown heparin-derived oligosaccharides. UV in combination with MS detection led to the identification of oligosaccharides arising from the original non-reducing end (NRE) of the heparin chain. The structural identification of these oligosaccharides provided sequence from a reading frame that begins at the non-reducing terminus of the heparin chain. Interestingly, 16 NRE oligosaccharides are observed, having both an even and an odd number of saccharide residues, most of which are not predicted based on biosynthesis or known pathways of heparin catabolism. Quantification of these NRE oligosaccharides afforded a number-averaged molecular weight consistent with that expected for the pharmaceutical heparin used in this analysis. Molecular ions could be assigned for oligosaccharides as large as a tetradecasaccharide, having a mass of 4625 Da and a net charge of -32. Furthermore, MS detection was demonstrated for oligosaccharides with up to 30 saccharide units having a mass of >10000 Da and a net charge of -60.
Description
Journal of Biological Chemistry, 279, 2608-2615
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Department
The Linhardt Research Labs.
The Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS)
Publisher
Elsevier
Relationships
The Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
https://harc.rpi.edu/
Access
Open Access
CC BY — Creative Commons Attribution