Foundations in aural architecture of jazz venues: an examination of room acoustics & multidimensional analysis of musician preference

Scott, Edward, Kennedy Ellington
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Goodheart, Matthew
Krueger, Ted
Scarbrough, Paul
Xiang, Ning
Braasch, Jonas
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Architectural sciences
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Architectural Acoustics has primarily focused on venues showcasing Western European Classical music. Consequently, acoustic parameters, subjective preference studies, and attribute vocabulary focus on the needs of the audience and the musician through a Western European Classical lens, excluding many other forms of music, including Rhythm and Blues, Rock, Blues, and Jazz. This research attempts to form a foundational study of Jazz venues, explicitly looking at room acoustic parameters and stage acoustics preference for the musician. An ethnographic survey and interview study were conducted to examine and rank the importance of auditory attributes of a Jazz musician. Additionally, subjects were asked to rank existing North American Jazz venues. An examination of room acoustics was conducted utilizing a 19-channel spherical microphone array, which enabled high-resolution spherical array beam processing and beamforming analysis. Standard omnidirectional and spatial room acoustic were investigated to understand the validity of applying existing acoustic parameters to Jazz venues. The measurements were also used to auralize using an Ambisonics loudspeaker. A subjective study investigated Jazz musicians' preference regarding stage acoustics of Jazz venues. A multidimensional scaling analysis revealed three factors of importance relating to timbre, clarity, early stage, and early reflection.
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
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