Recent progress and applications in glycosaminoglycan and heparin research

Laremore, Tatiana N.
Zhang, Fuming
Dordick, Jonathan S.
Liu, Jian
Linhardt, Robert J.
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Biology , Chemistry and chemical biology , Chemical and biological engineering , Biomedical engineering
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Recent progress and applications in glycosaminoglycan and heparin research, T. N. Laremore, F. Zhang, J. S. Dordick, J. Liu, R. J. Linhardt, Current Opinions in Chemical Biology, 13, 633–640, 2009.
Heparin, the focus of this review, is a critically important anticoagulant drug produced from animal sources, which was contaminated last year leading to a number of adverse side effects, some resulting in death. Heparin is a highly acidic polysaccharide and a member of a family of biopolymers called glycosaminoglycans. The structure and activities of heparin are detailed along with recent advances in heparin structural analysis and biological evaluation. Current state-of-the-art chemical and chemoenzymatic synthesis of heparin and new approaches for its metabolic engineering are described. New technologies, including microarrays and digital microfluidics, are proposed for high-throughput synthesis and screening of heparin and for the fabrication of an artificial Golgi.
Current Opinions in Chemical Biology, 13, 633–640
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The Linhardt Research Labs.
The Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS)
The Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
Current Opinion in Chemical Biology
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