Exploration of the Action Pattern of Streptomyces HyaluronateLyase Using High Resolution Capillary Electrophoresis

Park, Y.
Cho, S.
Linhardt, Robert J.
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Biology , Chemistry and chemical biology , Chemical and biological engineering , Biomedical engineering
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Exploration of the Action Pattern of Streptomyces HyaluronateLyase Using High Resolution Capillary Electrophoresis, Y. Park, S. Cho,R.J. Linhardt, Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1337, 217-226,1997.
Hyaluronic acid was treated exhaustively with a hyaluronate lyase (hyaluronidase, EC from Streptomyces hyalurolyticus to obtain a tetrasaccharide and a hexasaccharide product in a molar ratio of 1 to 1.2. The tetrasaccharide product was fluorescently labeled at the reducing end by reductive amination with 7-amino 1,3-naphthalene disulfonic acid (AGA) and the structure of the conjugate was determined spectroscopically. Partial treatments of hyaluronic acid with hyaluronate lyase afforded complex mixtures of oligosaccharides that were similarly fluorescently labeled. These labeled oligosaccharide mixtures were analyzed using high-resolution capillary electrophoresis. The resulting electropherograms showed the content of each hyaluronic acid derived oligosaccharide, having a degree of polymerization (dp) from 4 to 50, throughout the enzymatic reaction. Computer simulation studies gave comparable kinetic profiles suggesting that hyaluronate lyase exhibits a random endolytic action pattern. Interestingly, oligosaccharides of certain size (dp) were under-represented in these oligosaccharide mixtures suggesting that linkages at spacings of 10 to 12 saccharide units are somewhat resistant to this enzyme. The cause of this resistance might be the result of secondary or higher order structural features present in the hyaluronic acid polymer.
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1337, 217-226
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