Amphiphilic mPEG-modified oligo-phenylalanine nanoparticles chemoenzymatically synthesized via papain

Wang, Feng
Li, Youhua
Yu, Lu
Zhu, Jinwen
Zhang, Fuming
Linhardt, Robert J.
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Biology , Chemistry and chemical biology , Chemical and biological engineering , Biomedical engineering
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Amphiphilic mPEG-modified oligo-phenylalanine nanoparticles chemoenzymatically synthesized via papain, F. Wang, Y. Li, L. Yu, J. Zhu, F. Zhang, R.J. Linhardt, ACS Omega 5, 30336-30347, 2020.
Amphiphilic mPEG-modified peptide nanoparticles were developed from oligo-phenylalanine (OPhe) nanoparticles (NPs) synthesized via papain. Tyndall effects indicate that OPhe NPs are amphiphobic. Addition of protein perturbants, sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS), and urea, in the dispersion solution of OPhe NPs can significantly reduce the Rh,m value of NPs, from approximately 749.2 nm to about 200 nm. Therefore, the hydrophobic interaction and hydrogen bonding play major roles in maintaining the aggregation of OPhe NPs. Using the “grafting to” method, the methoxypolyethylene-modified OPhe NPs (mPEG-g-OPhe NPs) were synthesized and characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), 1H NMR, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), and dynamic light scattering (DLS). The attenuated total reflectance (ATR) spectrum of OPhe NPs and mPEG-g-OPhe NPs demonstrate that the secondary structures of these NPs are mainly β-type. mPEG-g-OPhe NPs can self-aggregate into spherical micelles both in water and cyclohexane. Increasing the chain length of the mPEG moiety, the critical micellar concentrations of mPEG-g-OPhe NPs increased in water but decreased in cyclohexane. The light stability, thermal stability, hydrolysis stability, and encapsulation stability of curcumin were significantly promoted by encapsulation in the micelles formed by mPEG-g-OPhe NPs. The protective effects regularly varied with the variations in the mPEG chain length of mPEG-g-OPhe NPs.
ACS Omega 5, 30336-30347
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The Linhardt Research Labs.
The Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS)
American Chemical Society (ACS)
The Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
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