Structure of Heparin Derived Tetrasaccharides

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Authors
Merchant, Z. M.
Kim, Y. S.
Rice, K. G.
Linhardt, R. J.
Issue Date
1985-01-01
Type
Article
Language
ENG
Keywords
Biology , Chemistry and chemical biology , Chemical and biological engineering , Biomedical engineering
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Abstract
The structure of heparin was examined by characterizing a disaccharide and five of the more than a dozen tetrasaccharide components obtained by its depolymerization with flavobacterial heparinase. Enzymic depolymerization of porcine mucosal heparin results in a mixture of di-, tetra-, hexa- and higher oligo-saccharides. The di- and tetra-saccharide components represent 75mol/100mol of these heparin fragments. Ion-exchange chromatography indicates the presence of only one disaccharide, deltaIdu2S(1----4)-alpha-D-GlcNS6S (where Idu is iduronic acid, deltaIdu is 4-deoxy-alpha-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranosyluronic acid, GlcN is glucosamine, GlcA is glucuronic acid and S is sulphate), but results in the isolation of five major and at least seven minor tetrasaccharide components. The structures of the disaccharide and five major tetrasaccharides were determined by chemical, enzymic, electrophoretic and spectroscopic methods, including 13C, 1H n.m.r. and fast atom bombardment-m.s. The structure of these five tetrasaccharides are: delta Idu2S(1----4)-alpha-D-GlcNS6S(1---4)-alpha-L-Idu2S(1-- --4)-alpha -D-GlcNS6S; delta Idu2S(1----4)-alpha-D-GlcNS6S(1----4)-beta-D-GlcA(1--- -4)- alpha-D-GlcNS6S; delta Idu2S(1----4)-alpha-D-GlcNS(1----4)-beta-D-GlcA delta Idu2S(1----4)-alpha-D-GlcNAc(1----4)-beta-D-GlcA(1----4)- alpha-D-GlcNS6S; and delta Idu2S(1----4)-alpha- D-GlcNAc(1----4)-alpha-L-Idu(1----4)-alpha-D-GlcNS6S. Biological activity for the disaccharide and the five major tetrasaccharides was examined, and none of them were found to possess significant anticoagulant activity.
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Biochemical Journal, 229, 369-377
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Full Citation
Structure of Heparin Derived Tetrasaccharides, Z.M. Merchant, Y.S. Kim, K.G. Rice, R.J. Linhardt, Biochemical Journal, 229, 369-377 (1985).
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2646021
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