Complete biosynthesis of anthocyanins using E. coli polycultures

Andrew Jones, J.
Vernacchio, Victoria R.
Collins, Shannon M.
Shirke, Abhijit N.
Xiu, Yu
Englaender, Jacob A.
Cress, Brady F.
McCutcheon, Catherine C.
Linhardt, Robert J.
Gross, Richard A.
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Biology , Chemistry and chemical biology , Chemical and biological engineering , Biomedical engineering
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Attribution 3.0 United States
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Complete biosynthesis of anthocyanins using E. coli polycultures J. Jones, V. Vernacchio, S. Collins, A.Shirke, Y. Xiu, J. Englaender, B, Cress, C. McCutcheon, R. J. Linhradt, R. Gross, and M. Koffas, mBio, 8, e00621-17, 2017.
Fermentation-based chemical production strategies provide a feasible route for the rapid, safe, and sustainable production of a wide variety of important chemical products, ranging from fuels to pharmaceuticals. These strategies have yet to find wide industrial utilization due to their inability to economically compete with traditional extraction and chemical production methods. Here, we engineer for the first time the complex microbial biosynthesis of an anthocyanin plant natural product, starting from sugar. This was accomplished through the development of a synthetic, 4-strain Escherichia coli polyculture collectively expressing 15 exogenous or modified pathway enzymes from diverse plants and other microbes. This synthetic consortium-based approach enables the functional expression and connection of lengthy pathways while effectively managing the accompanying metabolic burden. The de novo production of specific anthocyanin molecules, such as calistephin, has been an elusive metabolic engineering target for over a decade. The utilization of our polyculture strategy affords milligram-per-liter production titers. This study also lays the groundwork for significant advances in strain and process design toward the development of cost-competitive biochemical production hosts through nontraditional methodologies.
Complete biosynthesis of anthocyanins using E. coli polycultures
The Linhardt Research Labs.
The Shirley Ann Jackson, Ph.D. Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS)
American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
The Linhardt Research Labs Online Collection
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
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