van der Waals substrate mediated heteroepitaxy of germanium and vanadium disulfide films

Littlejohn, Aaron James
Thumbnail Image
Other Contributors
Wang, G.-C. (Gwo-Ching), 1946-
Lu, T.-M. (Toh-Ming), 1943-
Yamaguchi, Masashi
Gall, Daniel
Issue Date
Terms of Use
This electronic version is a licensed copy owned by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY. Copyright of original work retained by author.
Full Citation
Atmospheric pressure chemical vapor deposition was employed for the synthesis of layered transition metal dichalcogenide vanadium disulfide. By tuning several key growth parameters, we achieved VS2 flakes with diameters over 100 μm, larger than those reported in the literature. In addition, ultrathin flakes with thicknesses of several atomic layers are achieved without the use of an exfoliation method as is typically required. X-ray diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy confirm the flakes’ monocrystalline quality. Raman spectra are collected which, for the first time, agree with the vibrational modes for the trigonal phase of VS2 as determined by density functional theory calculations. Through electron backscatter diffraction pole figure analysis, transmission electron microscopy and optical microscopy a complex epitaxial relationship with nine preferred in-plane orientations is observed in some regions of the VS2/mica samples. Remarkably, this is qualitatively in agreement with a superlattice area mismatch model, providing further evidence of the ability of electrostatic interactions to dictate the nucleation of film atoms in van der Waals heterostructures. Finally, magnetic force microscopy demonstrates room temperature ferromagnetic signal in ultrathin flakes in agreement with several density functional theory calculations. The discovery of an ultrathin ferromagnetic metal such as VS2 may have dramatic impact on emerging fields such as spintronics and quantum computing.
May 2018
School of Science
Dept. of Physics, Applied Physics, and Astronomy
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
Rensselaer Theses and Dissertations Online Collection
Restricted to current Rensselaer faculty, staff and students. Access inquiries may be directed to the Rensselaer Libraries.