Oligomeric proteins : toxicity, aggregation, and polyvalent inhibition

Authors
Patke, Sanket
ORCID
Loading...
Thumbnail Image
Other Contributors
Kane, Ravi S.
Colón, Wilfredo
Cramer, Steven M.
Dordick, Jonathan S.
Issue Date
2013-12
Keywords
Chemical and biological engineering
Degree
PhD
Terms of Use
This electronic version is a licensed copy owned by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY. Copyright of original work retained by author.
Full Citation
Abstract
Finally, we designed polyvalent molecules that bind with high affinity to protein oligomers. Specifically, we used a structure-based design strategy to engineer monodisperse and well-defined polyvalent inhibitors of anthrax lethal toxin using polypeptide scaffolds. Specifically, we expressed and purified polypeptides incorporating multiple copies of an inhibitory [PA63]7 -binding peptide separated by peptide linkers. A characteristic feature of this design was the ability to control precisely and independently the valency and the spacing between ligands. We used computational studies to guide our choice of linker lengths and tested the validity of the design using cell viability studies. We found that the resulting polypeptides were five orders of magnitude more potent than monovalent ligands in inhibiting anthrax lethal toxin in vitro. We have therefore demonstrated a simple strategy to rationally design monodisperse polyvalent molecules that could be broadly applicable for the inhibition of toxins and pathogens.
Description
December 2013
School of Engineering
Department
Dept. of Chemical and Biological Engineering
Publisher
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
Relationships
Rensselaer Theses and Dissertations Online Collection
Access
Restricted to current Rensselaer faculty, staff and students. Access inquiries may be directed to the Rensselaer Libraries.