Mobility of chromium in high temperature crustal and upper mantle fluids

Huang, Ji.
Hao, J.
Huang, Fang
Sverjensky, D.A.
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Jingyi Huang, Jihua Hao, Fang Huang, and Dimitri A. Sverjensky. (2019) Mobility of chromium in high temperature crustal and upper mantle fluids. GEOCHEMICAL PERSPECTIVES LETTERS 12 (2019): 1-6. doi: 10.7185/geochemlet.1926
Chromium is mobile in ultramafic magmas but its mobility in high temperature fluids has long been unclear. Studies of some chromium-rich ophiolites have suggested chromium mobility in upper mantle fluids. However, the mechanism is poorly understood because Cr(III) is so insoluble in water. We used previous estimates of aqueous Cr species and published experimental and ab initio studies of the solubility of Cr2O3 in HCl and KCl fluids at 500–1200 °C and 0.1–6.0 GPa together with the Deep Earth Water Model to calibrate a thermodynamic equation of state for the Cr(II) complex CrCl(OH)0. Our model predicted low Cr solubilities (0.1 mg kg-1 H2O) in a mid-ocean ridge fluid and very high solubilities (3500 mg kg-1 H2O) in saline, peridotitic diamond-forming fluid consistent with expectations for these environments. In pelitic, mafic eclogitic, and serpentinite fluids, predicted Cr solubilities varied widely depending on the oxygen fugacity and Cl concentration. The predicted predominance of Cr(II) in deep fluids and Cr(III) in minerals suggests that precipitation of Cr mineral components is a redox reaction.
Geochemical Perspectives Letters