Protein-nanoparticle interactions : improving immobilized lytic enzyme activity and surface energy effects

Authors
Downs, Emily Elizabeth
ORCID
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Other Contributors
Schadler, L. S. (Linda S.)
Siegel, R. W. (Richard W.)
Dordick, Jonathan
Ozisik, Rahmi
Issue Date
2017-05
Keywords
Materials engineering
Degree
PhD
Terms of Use
This electronic version is a licensed copy owned by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY. Copyright of original work retained by author.
Full Citation
Abstract
Spherical, amorphous, and uniformly doped Zn-silica particles with tailored surface energies were synthesized to understand the impact of surface energy on protein adsorption behavior. Particle surface energy increased with a decrease in particle size and greater dopant concentrations. Protein adsorption and structural loss increased with both particle size and particle surface energy. Higher surface energies promoted protein-particle association and increased protein unfolding. Particle curvature and protein steric hindrance effects limited adsorption and structural loss on smaller particles. Protein surface charge heterogeneity was also found to be linked to both protein adsorption and unfolding behavior on larger particles. Greater surface charge heterogeneity led to higher adsorption concentrations and multilayer formation. These multilayers transitioned from protein-particle interactions to protein-protein interactions and were thicker with greater surface energy, which resulted in the recovery of secondary structure in the outermost layer.
Description
May 2017
School of Engineering
Department
Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
Publisher
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
Relationships
Rensselaer Theses and Dissertations Online Collection
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