Lipase-Catalyzed Poly(glycerol-1,8-octanediol-sebacate): Biomaterial Engineering by Combining Compositional and Crosslinking Variables

Lang, K.
Quichocho, H.B.
Black, S.P.
Bramson, M.T.K.
Linhardt, Robert J.
Corr, D.T.
Gross, R.A.
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Biology , Chemistry and chemical biology , Chemical and biological engineering , Biomedical engineering
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Lipase-Catalyzed Poly(glycerol-1,8-octanediol-sebacate): Biomaterial Engineering by Combining Compositional and Crosslinking Variables, K. Lang, H. B. Quichocho, S. P. Black, M. T. K. Bramson, R. J. Linhardt, D. T. Corr, R. A. Gross, Biomacromolecules, 23, 2150−2159, 2022.
This study examined poly(glycerol-1,8-octanediol-sebacate) (PGOS) copolymers with low-level substitution of O (1,8-octanediol) for G (glycerol) units (G/O ratios 0.5:0.5, 0.66:0.33, 0.75:0.25, 0.8:0.2, and 0.91:0.09) prepared in bulk by immobilized Candida antarctica Lipase B (N435) catalysis. The central question explored was the extent that exchanging less than half of poly(glycerol sebacate) (PGS) glycerol units with 1,8-octanediol can be used as a strategy to fine-tune biomaterial properties. Synthesized copolymers having G/O ratios of 0.66:0.33, 0.75:0.25, 0.8:0.2, and 0.91:0.09 have similar molecular weights, where Mw varied from 52,800 to 63,800 g/mol, Mn varied from 5100 to 6450 g/mol, and ĐM (molecular mass dispersity, Mw/Mn) values were also similar (8.4–11.4). All of the copolymers were branched, and dendritic glycerol units reached 11% for PGOS-0.91:0.09:1.0. Analysis of DSC second heating scans revealed that copolymers with higher 1,8-octanediol contents have relatively higher Tm and ΔHf values. Over the copolymer compositional range studied herein, Tm and ΔHf values varied from 5.3 to 21.1 °C and 8.0 to 23.1 J/g, respectively. Stress–strain curves of PGOS copolymers cured at 140 °C for 48 h exhibited either a unimodal, bimodal, or trimodal response to tensile loading. Varying G/O from 10:1 to 2:1 resulted in significant increases in the peak stress (0.26–4.01 MPa), preyield modulus (0.65–62.59 MPa), failure to strain (64–110%), and failure toughness (0.1–0.56 MPa). This demonstrates that altering the G/O ratio over a narrow compositional range provides biomaterials with widely different yet tunable mechanical properties. Further investigation of PGOS-0.75:0.25:1.0 films revealed that varying the cure conditions from 120 to 160 °C for periods of 24–72 h provides access to biomaterials with a failure strain range from 15 to 224% and Young’s modulus from 1.17 to 10.85 MPa. Hence, using the dual variables of compositional variation and changes in cure conditions provides an exciting platform for PGS analogues to optimize material–tissue interactions. Increased contents of 1,8-octanediol slowed in vitro degradation. Slowed degradation of PGOS relative to PGS will be valuable for use in slower healing wounds.
Biomacromolecules, 23, 2150−2159
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