Dielectric property enhancement in polymer composites with engineered interfaces

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Authors
Krentz, Timothy Michael
Issue Date
2016-05
Type
Electronic thesis
Thesis
Language
ENG
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Materials science and engineering
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Abstract
Progressive variation in dispersion quality is attained with this surface modification scheme. This creates progressively smaller volumes of matrix polymer unaffected by the filler. This work shows that when these volumes approach and become smaller than the same scale as predicted for electron avalanches, the greatest changes in DBS are seen. Likewise, the plateau behavior of this data implicates that the DBS improvements occur as avalanches are halted in their early phases by the filler, before sufficiently energy can be gathered to damage the matrix. These data indicate that avalanche sizes on the order of 150 nm are sufficient to lead to failure. Furthermore, the depths of the traps induced by small molecules on the silica surface are shown to relate to the DBS enhancement obtained for well dispersed fillers based upon the ability of these localized traps to absorb the energy gathered by growing avalanches.
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May 2016
School of Engineering
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Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY
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