Structural characteristics and anti-complement activities of polysaccharides from Sargassum hemiphyllum

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Jin, Weihua
Fang, Qiufu
Jiang, Di
Li, Tongtong
Wei, Bin
Sun, Jiadong
Zhang, Wenjing
Zhang, Zhongshan
Zhang, Fuming
Linhardt, Robert J.
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Biology , Chemistry and chemical biology , Chemical and biological engineering , Biomedical engineering
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Three polysaccharides (SH-1, SH-2 and SH-3) were purified from a brown macroalgea, Sargassum hemiphyllum. The autohydrolysis products from each polysaccharide were separated to three fractions (S fractions as oligomers, L fractions as low molecular weight polysaccharides and H fractions as high molecular weight polysaccharides). Mass spectroscopy of S fractions (SH-1-S, SH-2-S and SH-3-S) showed that these three polymers all contained short stretches of sulfated fucose. The structures of L fractions (SH-1-L, SH-2-L and SH-3-L) were determined by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). SH-1-L was composed of two units, unit A (sulfated galactofucan) and unit B (sulfated xylo-glucuronomannan). Unit A contained a backbone of (1, 6-linked β-D-Gal) n1, (1, 3-linked 4-sulfated α-L-Fuc) n2, (1, 3-linked 2, 4-di-sulfated α-L-Fuc) n3, (1, 4-linked α-L-Fuc) n4 and (1, 3-linked β-D-Gal) n5, accompanied by some branches, such as sulfated fuco-oligomers, sulfated galacto-oligomers or sulfated galacto-fuco-oligomers. And unit B consisted of alternating 1, 4-linked β-D-glucuronic acid (GlcA) and 1, 2-linked α-D-mannose (Man) with the Man residues randomly sulfated at C6 or branched with xylose (Xyl) at C3. Both SH-2-L and SH-3-L were composed of unit A and their difference was attributed to the ratio of n1: n2: n3: n4: n5. Based on monosaccharide analysis, we hypothesize that both SH-1-H and SH-2-H contained unit A and unit B while SH-3-H had a structure similar to SH-3-L. An assessment of anti-complement activities showed that the sulfated galactofucan had higher activities than sulfated galacto-fuco-xylo-glucuronomannan. These results suggest that the sulfated galactofucans might be a good candidate for anti-complement drugs.
Glycoconjugate Journal, 37, 553–563
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Structural characteristics and anti-complement activities of polysaccharides from Sargassum hemiphyllum, W. Jin, Q. Fang, D. Jiang, T. Li, B. Wei, J. Sun, W. Zhang, Z. Zhang, F. Zhang, R. J. Linhardt, H. Wang, W. Zhong, Glycoconjugate Journal, 37, 553–563, 2020.
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