Metabolic Engineering of Saccharomyces cerevisiae for High-Level Production of Chlorogenic Acid from Glucose

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Xiao, Feng
Lian, Jiazhang
Tu, Shuai
Xie, Linlin
Li, Jun
Zhang, Fuming
Linhardt, Robert J.
Huang, Haichan
Zhong, Weihong
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Biology , Chemistry and chemical biology , Chemical and biological engineering , Biomedical engineering
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Chlorogenic acid (CGA), a major dietary phenolic compound, has been increasingly used in the food and pharmaceutical industries because of its ready availability and extensive biological and pharmacological activities. Traditionally, extraction from plants has been the main approach for the commercial production of CGA. This study reports the first efficient microbial production of CGA by engineering the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, on a simple mineral medium. First, an optimized de novo biosynthetic pathway for CGA was reconstructed in S. cerevisiae from glucose with a CGA titer of 36.6 ± 2.4 mg/L. Then, a multimodule engineering strategy was employed to improve CGA production: (1) unlocking the shikimate pathway and optimizing carbon distribution; (2) optimizing the l-Phe branch and pathway balancing; and (3) increasing the copy number of CGA pathway genes. The combination of these interventions resulted in an about 6.4-fold improvement of CGA titer up to 234.8 ± 11.1 mg/L in shake flask cultures. CGA titers of 806.8 ± 1.7 mg/L were achieved in a 1 L fed-batch fermenter. This study opens a route to effectively produce CGA from glucose in S. cerevisiae and establishes a platform for the biosynthesis of CGA-derived value-added metabolites.
ACS Synthetic Biology, 11, 800-811
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Metabolic Engineering of Saccharomyces cerevisiae for High-Level Production of Chlorogenic Acid from Glucose, F. Xiao, J. Lian, S. Tu, L. Xie, J. Li, F. Zhang, R. J. Linhardt, H. Huang, W. Zhong, ACS Synthetic Biology, 11, 800-811, 2022
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